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April 20, 2023 Current Affairs

1. Which IIT has collaborated with NASA to develop a low-cost camera setup?

A.   IIT Delhi

B.   IIT Hyderabad

C.   IIT Roorkee

D.   IIT Indore

Answer: Option: (D)

Explanation:

IIT Indore has collaborated with NASA to develop a low-cost camera setup. This collaboration between the prestigious Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) aims to develop a camera setup that is affordable yet capable of capturing high-quality images. With this partnership, IIT Indore is working towards bridging the gap between advanced technology and affordability, making it more accessible to a wider range of users. This collaboration not only showcases the expertise and innovation of IIT Indore but also highlights the importance of international collaborations in advancing scientific research and technological development.


 

2. Since which year has Germany been looking to leave behind nuclear power?

A.   2000

B.   2002

C.   2004

D.   2005

Answer: Option: (B)

Explanation:

Germany has been looking to leave behind nuclear power since 2002. In that year, Germany switched off its last three nuclear plants, marking a significant turning point in the country's energy policy. The decision to phase out nuclear power came in response to growing public concerns over the safety and environmental impact of nuclear energy. Since then, Germany has been actively pursuing alternative sources of energy, such as renewable energy, in order to meet its electricity needs while reducing its reliance on nuclear power. This shift in Germany's energy policy reflects a broader global trend towards a more sustainable and environmentally friendly approach to energy production.


 

3. Which country planned to appeal against the WTO ruling on IT tariffs?

A.   Iraq

B.   Iran

C.   Indonesia

D.   India

Answer: Option

Explanation:

India is the country that planned to appeal against the WTO ruling on IT tariffs. The World Trade Organization (WTO) recently made a ruling regarding the tariffs on information technology (IT) products. India has expressed its intention to appeal this ruling. The decision to appeal demonstrates India's disagreement with the WTO's assessment and its determination to challenge the outcome. By appealing, India aims to present its case and potentially overturn the ruling on IT tariffs. This move highlights the importance of the IT sector for India and its commitment to protecting its interests in international trade.


 

4. How much worth of projects did the government approve for the Clean Ganga Mission?

A.   638 crore

B.   639 crore

C.   637 crore

D.   636 crore

Answer: Option: (A)

Explanation:

The government has approved a total of 8 projects for the Clean Ganga Mission, with a combined worth of approximately Rs 638 crore. These projects are aimed at rejuvenating and cleaning the Ganga river, which holds immense cultural and environmental significance in India. The approval of these projects highlights the government's commitment to restoring the health and vitality of this important water body. Through these initiatives, it is hoped that the Ganga river will be restored to its pristine state, benefiting both the local communities and the ecosystem as a whole.


 

5. In which city did Union Home Minister Amit Shah preside over a 'Chintan Shivir' of senior officers of the Ministry of Home Affairs?

A.   Guwahati

B.   Shillong

C.   New Delhi

D.   Kolkata

Answer: Option: (C)

Explanation:

Union Home Minister Amit Shah recently presided over a 'Chintan Shivir' of senior officers of the Ministry of Home Affairs. The event took place in New Delhi, the capital city of India. This 'Chintan Shivir' provided a platform for the senior officers to discuss and deliberate upon various important matters pertaining to the Ministry of Home Affairs. The event aimed to foster collaboration, exchange ideas, and devise strategies to enhance the functioning of the ministry. The presence of the Union Home Minister added significance to the event, emphasizing the importance of the discussions and decisions made during the 'Chintan Shivir'. The choice of New Delhi as the location for this event is not surprising, considering its status as the administrative and political hub of the country.


 

6. In which city did Apple CEO Tim Cook open Apple's first India store?

A.   Jodhpur

B.   Ahmedabad

C.   Mumbai

D.   Kanpur

Answer: Option: (C)

Explanation:

Apple CEO Tim Cook opened Apple's first India store in Mumbai. This move marked a significant milestone for the tech giant as it expanded its presence in one of the world's largest smartphone markets. The opening of the store in Mumbai not only showcased Apple's commitment to the Indian market but also reflected the growing demand for Apple products in the country. Mumbai, being a major metropolitan city and the financial capital of India, was a strategic choice for Apple to establish its first retail store in India. The store in Mumbai offers customers a unique and immersive shopping experience, allowing them to explore and purchase Apple's range of products, including iPhones, iPads, Macs, and various accessories. With the opening of the store in Mumbai, Apple aimed to strengthen its relationship with Indian consumers and tap into the immense potential of the Indian market.


 

7. Which state's Chief Minister inaugurated the Hun-Thadou cultural festival at Kangpokpi?

A.   Maharashtra

B.   Manipur

C.   Meghalaya

D.   Mizoram

Answer: Option: (B)

Explanation:

The Hun-Thadou cultural festival at Kangpokpi was inaugurated by the Chief Minister of Manipur. This cultural festival holds great significance for the Thadou community and showcases their vibrant traditions, customs, and cultural heritage. The Manipur Chief Minister's presence at the inauguration highlights the government's support and recognition of the importance of preserving and promoting the cultural diversity of the state. The festival provides a platform for the Thadou community to showcase their traditional music, dance, arts, crafts, and cuisine, thereby fostering cultural exchange and harmony among different communities in Manipur. The Chief Minister's inauguration of the Hun-Thadou cultural festival signifies the government's commitment to preserving and celebrating the rich cultural tapestry of Manipur.


 

8. Where was the G20 Digital Economy Working Group meeting held?

A.   Hyderabad

B.   Jaipur

C.   Haridwar

D.   Noida

Answer: Option: (A)

Explanation:

The G20 Digital Economy Working Group meeting was held in Hyderabad. This city, located in the southern part of India, served as the venue for the important gathering of leaders and experts from around the world. Hyderabad is known for its thriving technology industry, making it a fitting choice for a discussion focused on the digital economy. The meeting provided a platform for participants to share insights, exchange ideas, and collaborate on strategies to promote digital innovation and inclusivity. The choice of Hyderabad as the host city underscores India's growing prominence in the global digital landscape.


 

9. With which country did India sign an MoU with the UN WFP for sending wheat?

A.   Denmark

B.   Oman

C.   Afghanistan

D.   Italy

Answer: Option: (C)

Explanation:

India signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) to send wheat to Afghanistan. This agreement aims to support the food security and humanitarian efforts in Afghanistan by providing much-needed wheat supplies. The MoU signifies the commitment of both India and the WFP to work together in addressing the food needs of the Afghan population. By signing this agreement, India demonstrates its dedication to assisting Afghanistan in times of crisis and contributing to regional stability.


 

10. Where was the DRDO Industry Academia Centre of Excellence inaugurated?

A.   IIT Kanpur

B.   IIT Roorkee

C.   IIT Delhi

D.   IIT Hyderabad

Answer: Option: (D)

Explanation:

The DRDO Industry Academia Centre of Excellence was inaugurated at IIT Hyderabad. This center aims to foster collaboration between the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and academia, specifically IIT Hyderabad. The center will facilitate research and development activities, promote innovation, and enhance knowledge exchange between DRDO and the academic community. With this inauguration, IIT Hyderabad becomes a hub for advanced research and development in defense technology, contributing to the nation's defense capabilities.


 

11. Where is India's 16th Visa application centre located?

A.   Noida

B.   Kushtia

C.   Jodhpur

D.   Rohtak

Answer: Option: (B)

Explanation:

India's 16th Visa application centre is located in Kushtia. This centre serves as a convenient location for individuals residing in the area to submit their visa applications. Kushtia, a city in the Indian state of West Bengal, is known for its cultural heritage and historical significance. The visa application centre provides a streamlined and efficient process for applicants, ensuring a hassle-free experience. Whether you are applying for a tourist visa, business visa, or any other type of visa, the centre in Kushtia is equipped to handle all your needs. With its strategic location, it offers easy accessibility and convenience for applicants in the region. So, if you are in Kushtia and need to apply for a visa, be sure to visit India's 16th Visa application centre located there.


 

12. What is the rank of the UAE as an export destination for India?

A.   Second

B.   Third

C.   Fourth

D.   Fifth

Answer: Option: (A)

Explanation:

The rank of the UAE as an export destination for India is second. The UAE holds the position of being the second-largest export destination for India, with the USA being the only country ahead of it. India exports a diverse range of goods to the UAE, including petroleum products, precious metals, and textiles. This strong trade relationship between the two countries signifies the significant value that India places on the UAE as an export market.


 

13. Which country's Crown Prince announced the dissolution of the National Assembly and called for new elections?

A.   Nigeria

B.   Oman

C.   Kuwait

D.   Karnataka

Answer: Option: (C)

Explanation:

Kuwait, a country known for its rich history and vibrant culture, recently experienced a significant political development. In a surprising move, the Crown Prince of Kuwait announced the dissolution of the National Assembly and called for new elections. This decision has sparked widespread interest and speculation both within Kuwait and beyond its borders.


 

14. Which country did the UN Secretary-General condemn the outbreak of fighting in, and call for an immediate ceasefire to resolve the crisis?

A.   Spain

B.   Sudan

C.   Switzerland

D.   Singapore

Answer: Option: (B)

Explanation:

the outbreak of fighting in the country mentioned has prompted the United Nations Secretary-General to condemn the violence and call for an immediate ceasefire. The urgency of the situation necessitates swift action and international cooperation. By working together, the international community can contribute to resolving the crisis, restoring peace, and laying the foundation for a brighter future in the affected country.


 

15. Which country is facing a debt crisis with its Local Government Financing Vehicles (LGFVs)?

A.   China

B.   Japan

C.   France

D.   Nepal

Answer: Option: (A)

Explanation:

China is the country currently grappling with a debt crisis concerning its Local Government Financing Vehicles (LGFVs). The rising debt burden, coupled with various contributing factors, has necessitated concerted efforts to address this challenge. By implementing stringent regulations and adopting sustainable financing practices, China strives to overcome this crisis and ensure the financial stability of its LGFVs.


 

16. During the India-Russia Inter-governmental Commission on Trade, Economic, Scientific, Technological and Cultural Cooperation, which country agreed with India to deepen trade and economic relations?

A.   Germany

B.   Kenya

C.   France

D.   Russia

Answer: Option: (D)

Explanation:

The India-Russia Inter-governmental Commission on Trade, Economic, Scientific, Technological and Cultural Cooperation serves as a platform for both nations to foster mutually beneficial partnerships. During the recent session, an important agreement was reached that aimed to deepen trade and economic relations between India and Russia.


 

17. Which country has become the world's largest narco-state?

A.   Australia

B.   Syria

C.   America

D.   Oman

Answer: Option: (B)

Explanation:

In a world riddled with drug trafficking and illicit activities, the question of which country has become the world's largest narco-state lingers in the minds of many. Today, we delve into the depths of this disturbing phenomenon, shining a light on Syria and its alarming role in the global drug trade.


 

18. Which bank did Chennai Metro launch the Singara Chennai card in association with?

A.   PNB

B.   ICICI

C.   BOB

D.   SBI

Answer: Option: (D)

Explanation:

The collaboration between Chennai Metro and State Bank of India has given birth to the Singara Chennai card, a game-changer in the city's metro travel. With its convenience, affordability, and additional benefits, this smart card opens up a new world of seamless commuting for Chennai's residents and visitors alike. Don't miss out on the opportunity to experience the future of travel in Chennai!


 

19. Which country is NITI Aayog considering reducing dependence on through an Electric Vehicle policy review?

A.   China

B.   Bhutan

C.   Nepal

D.   France

Answer: Option: (A)

Explanation:

In a bid to decrease reliance on a particular country, NITI Aayog, India's premier policy think tank, has set its sights on reducing dependence on China. As part of this endeavor, NITI Aayog is conducting a comprehensive review of its Electric Vehicle (EV) policy.


 

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