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August 15, 2023 Current Affairs

1. What was the theme for the 77th Independence Day celebrations at Delhi's Red Fort?

A.   Nation First, Always First

B.   Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav

C.   Guard of Honour

D.   Spread the Light of Freedom

Answer: Option A


The theme "Nation First, Always First" for India's 77th Independence Day celebrations at Delhi's Red Fort signifies the country's commitment to prioritize its national interests and well-being. It aligns perfectly with the "Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav" celebration, reflecting India's aspirations for growth, development, and self-sufficiency. By putting the nation first, India paves the way for a brighter and stronger future.



2. Which movement did Karnail Singh Isru play a pivotal role in?

A.   Indian National Movement

B.   Quit India Movement

C.   Goa Liberation Movement

D.   Non-Cooperation Movement

Answer: Option C


Karnail Singh Isru's heroic journey in the Goa Liberation Movement exemplifies the spirit of sacrifice, courage, and unwavering commitment to freedom. His selfless actions continue to inspire generations, reminding us of the price that was paid for India's independence. The Goa Liberation Movement stands as a testament to the resilience and determination of the Indian people in their quest for liberty.



3. Approximately how many years ago is it believed that the basilosaurid whale lived?

A.   4,100 years ago

B.   41,000 years ago

C.   410,000 years ago

D.   41 million years ago

Answer: Option D


the basilosaurid whale truly captures our imagination as we delve into the depths of its history. Living approximately 41 million years ago, this magnificent creature offers a captivating glimpse into the ancient world. Through the fossils discovered in Whale Valley and the remarkable Tutcetus rayanensis, we continue to unravel the mysteries of the basilosaurid whale's journey from land to sea. Let us marvel at the wonders of nature and appreciate the vastness of our planet's history.



4. What is the primary purpose of the Local Currency Settlement (LCS) System introduced between India and UAE?

A.   Boosting gold trade

B.   Enhancing economic cooperation

C.   Reducing crude oil production

D.   Increasing intermediary currencies

Answer: Option B


The Local Currency Settlement (LCS) System introduced between India and the UAE serves the primary purpose of enhancing economic cooperation and strengthening bilateral relations. By eliminating the need for intermediary currencies, the LCS System streamlines trade, reduces transaction time and costs, and fosters increased economic collaboration. This development marks a significant milestone in the relationship between India and the UAE, paving the way for a more prosperous and mutually beneficial future.



5. Where is the groundbreaking Global Summit on Traditional Medicine, co-hosted by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Ministry of Ayush, scheduled to take place on August 17-18, 2023?

A.   New Delhi, India

B.   Mumbai, Maharashtra

C.   Jaipur, Rajasthan

D.   Gandhinagar, Gujarat

Answer: Option D


the Global Summit on Traditional Medicine is set to make history in Gandhinagar, Gujarat, on August 17-18, 2023. This event, co-hosted by the World Health Organization and the Ministry of Ayush, will not only shed light on the importance of traditional medicine but also provide a platform for global collaboration and knowledge exchange. As the world eagerly awaits this momentous summit, Gujarat's vibrant cultural heritage and commitment to traditional medicine make it an ideal destination for hosting such a significant event.



6. What is the estimated age of the recently unveiled lakeside village in Lake Ohrid?

A.   Around 1,000 years old

B.   Around 4,000 years old

C.   Around 6,000 years old

D.   Around 8,000 years old

Answer: Option D


The recently unveiled lakeside village in Lake Ohrid has unveiled a world of secrets, transporting us back 8,000 years to a time when our ancestors flourished on the shores of this ancient lake. This remarkable discovery not only provides a glimpse into the past but also emphasizes the resilience and ingenuity of early human civilizations. As we continue to unravel the mysteries of our history, let us cherish the knowledge gained from this extraordinary find and appreciate the wonders that lie beneath the surface of our world.



7. What is the purpose of antibiotic resistance gene activation in the engineered bacteria?

A.   To make the bacteria glow in the dark

B.   To trigger cancer cell growth

C.   To enable the bacteria to survive exposure to antibiotics

D.   To cause the bacteria to self-destruct

Answer: Option C


the purpose of antibiotic resistance gene activation in engineered bacteria is primarily to enable the bacteria to survive exposure to antibiotics. This ability is harnessed in various applications, ranging from making bacteria glow in the dark to detecting cancer cells. Understanding the intricacies of gene activation opens up new possibilities in medical research, disease diagnosis, and the development of innovative treatments. By delving into this fascinating field, scientists continue to unravel the mysteries of genetic manipulation and its potential impact on our world.



8. In which country did archaeologists excavate and discover the remains of a young "vampire" child buried face down and secured to the earth with a padlock?

A.   Romania

B.   Bulgaria

C.   Poland

D.   Hungary

Answer: Option C


The discovery of the "vampire" child buried in Pień, Poland, offers a captivating glimpse into the past and the intricate tapestry of beliefs that shaped societies. It serves as a reminder of how folklore and superstitions have permeated human history, leaving indelible marks on burial practices. As archaeologists continue to unearth mysterious sites, the "vampire" child of Pień remains a haunting testament to the rich and diverse tapestry of human culture throughout the ages.



9. Kanaklata Barua, a prominent figure in the Indian freedom struggle, is associated with which Indian state?

A.   Bihar

B.   Assam

C.   Odisha

D.   Punjab

Answer: Option B


Kanaklata Barua's brave act of unfurling the Tricolour during the Indian freedom struggle remains etched in the collective memory of a nation. Her unwavering determination, selflessness, and patriotism continue to inspire generations, reminding us of the true essence of freedom. As we reflect upon her life and her association with Assam, it becomes evident that she played a vital role in shaping the destiny of a nation seeking independence.



10. Where are the newly discovered mole species believed to have inhabited for three million years?

A.   Western Europe

B.   The mountains of eastern Turkey

C.   The rainforests of South America

D.   The deserts of Africa

Answer: Option B


the declining population of African penguins can be attributed primarily to overfishing and environmental shifts in the Indian Ocean. The depletion of their food sources, coupled with the disruption of their natural habitats, has posed significant challenges to their survival. Urgent conservation measures are needed to address these factors and ensure the long-term viability of African penguin populations. By raising awareness, supporting sustainable fishing practices, and protecting their nesting sites, we can contribute to the preservation of these charismatic creatures for future generations.



11. What are the primary factors contributing to the declining population of African penguins?

A.   Overpopulation and urbanization

B.   Overfishing and environmental shifts in the Indian Ocean

C.   Excessive hunting by predators

D.   Lack of suitable nesting sites

Answer: Option B


The mountains of eastern Turkey have proven to be an extraordinary sanctuary for the newly discovered mole species, housing them for a staggering three million years. These fascinating creatures, adapted to the challenging terrain and displaying remarkable characteristics, continue to captivate the scientific community. As we delve deeper into their mysterious world, let us embrace the wonders that lie beneath our feet and strive to safeguard these hidden dwellers for generations to come.



12. What is the potential link highlighted by recent research from George Washington University between early-life lead exposure and a specific outcome?

A.   Higher risk of criminal behaviour

B.   Enhanced cognitive abilities

C.   Greater physical strength

D.   Increased risk of mental health issues

Answer: Option A


The research conducted by George Washington University highlights the potential link between early-life lead exposure and an increased risk of criminal behavior in adulthood. The findings underscore the importance of early intervention and prevention strategies to minimize lead exposure, thereby reducing the potential negative impact on individuals' lives. By addressing this issue, we can work towards creating safer environments for our children and ensuring healthier futures for generations to come.



13. How many arms does the Antarctic Strawberry Feather Star possess?

A.   10 arms

B.   15 arms

C.   20 arms

D.   25 arms

Answer: Option C


The Antarctic Strawberry Feather Star possesses a stunning array of 20 arms, making it a true marvel of the Antarctic Ocean. Its adaptations to the extreme depths and its graceful swimming behavior further enhance its allure. As we continue to explore the mysteries of the ocean, let us not forget the wonders that lie beneath the icy surface, waiting to be discovered.



14. In which country are scientists working on tooth regeneration to enable natural tooth regrowth, with clinical trials set to begin in 2024?

A.   China

B.   United States

C.   Germany

D.   Japan

Answer: Option D


scientists in Japan are leading the way in the quest for tooth regeneration. With clinical trials on the horizon, the possibility of natural tooth regrowth is no longer a distant dream. By targeting anodontia, they aim to bring relief to children affected by this genetic condition, paving the way for a future where regenerating teeth becomes a reality. The innovative research being conducted in Japan holds great promise, offering hope for a brighter and more regenerative future in dentistry.



15.The "guidance robot" unveiled by the General Presidency of the Grand Mosque and the Prophet’s Mosque is primarily designed to assist which one?

A.   Researchers in AI

B.   Tourists at the mosque

C.   Pilgrims and Umrah performers

D.   Mosque maintenance staff

Answer: Option C


The guidance robot introduced by the General Presidency of the Grand Mosque and the Prophet’s Mosque serves as a beacon of technological advancement in the realm of spirituality. By primarily focusing on assisting pilgrims and Umrah performers, it ensures that their experience is enhanced and enriched. With its multiple capabilities and commitment to providing guidance, this robot showcases the seamless integration of technology and religious devotion.


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