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December 30, 2023 Current Affairs

1. Which space agency is redirecting its OSIRIS-REx spacecraft to study the asteroid 'Apophis' approaching Earth on April 13, 2029?

A.   ESA

B.   ISRO

C.   JAXA

D.   NASA

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

NASA's decision to redirect the OSIRIS-REx spacecraft towards asteroid 'Apophis' is a remarkable undertaking in the realm of space exploration. This mission provides an exceptional opportunity to expand our understanding of asteroids and their potential implications for our planet. As April 13, 2029 approaches, the excitement builds, and scientists, space enthusiasts, and curious minds eagerly await the wealth of knowledge that will be gained from this extraordinary journey.

 


 


2. Which country has rejected BRICS membership?

A.   Bolivia

B.   Argentina

C.   Japan

D.   UAE

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Argentina's rejection of BRICS membership, under the leadership of President Javier Milei, is a bold stand for independence. By prioritizing internal economic stability and asserting its sovereignty, Argentina aims to carve its own path in the global arena. While the decision may have raised eyebrows, it underscores the country's commitment to charting its own course and addressing its unique challenges.



 

 

 


3. Which country's drilling vessel, Mengxiang, is on a groundbreaking mission to explore Earth's mantle?

A.   United States

B.   Russia

C.   China

D.   Japan

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

China's Mengxiang drilling vessel embarks on an extraordinary journey to explore Earth's mantle, a realm that has remained largely uncharted. With its advanced technology and collaborative efforts, this innovative vessel seeks to unravel the mysteries of the mantle, providing valuable insights into our planet's geology and history. As humanity takes its first steps into this unexplored territory, the Mengxiang mission represents a remarkable milestone in scientific exploration.



 

 

4. According to a document presented in Parliament by the Ministry for Road Transport and Highways, which Indian state bears the highest financial burden for national highway development?

A.   Haryana

B.   Uttar Pradesh

C.   Maharashtra

D.   Kerala

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

As per the document presented by the Ministry for Road Transport and Highways in Parliament, Kerala bears the highest financial burden for national highway development. The requirement to cover 25% of the land acquisition cost has placed Kerala at the forefront of financial responsibility in this crucial aspect of infrastructure growth.

 


 


5. Where was the 'Electronic Soil' developed to accelerate plant growth in hydroponic spaces?

A.   Sweden

B.   Norway

C.   Denmark

D.   Finland

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The 'Electronic Soil' (eSoil) was developed in Sweden, where pioneering researchers harnessed the power of cellulose and PEDOT to create a revolutionary growing medium for hydroponics. This innovative technology holds immense potential for advancing plant growth, optimizing resource utilization, and transforming the future of cultivation in hydroponic spaces. With ongoing advancements and further research, the possibilities for eSoil are boundless, propelling us towards a greener and more sustainable world.



 

 



6. Where is India's first submarine tourism project set to be unveiled?

A.   Mumbai

B.   Kolkata

C.   Gujarat

D.   Kerala

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

India's first submarine tourism project in Gujarat represents a significant milestone in the country's tourism industry. By unlocking the hidden wonders of the underwater realm, this initiative promises to captivate visitors and raise awareness about the importance of marine conservation. As the curtains rise on this extraordinary endeavor, adventure seekers and nature enthusiasts can look forward to embarking on a mesmerizing journey through the depths of Bet Dwarka's aquatic wonders.

 


 


7. In which city does the Horticulture Department of the Municipal Corporation plan to expand its tree ambulance fleet to reach 12 ambulances by 2024?

A.   Mumbai

B.   Kolkata

C.   Chennai

D.   Delhi

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The Horticulture Department of the Municipal Corporation of Delhi has set its sights on expanding the tree ambulance fleet to 12 ambulances by 2024. This ambitious endeavor reflects their dedication to preserving and caring for the trees that bring life and beauty to the city. With increased coverage and enhanced capabilities, Delhi's tree ambulances will continue to be the frontline warriors in safeguarding the green soul of the city.



 

 



8. Where was HAL's Aero Engine Research and Development Centre (AERDC) facility inaugurated?

A.   Bengaluru

B.   Gujarat

C.   Mumbai

D.   Uttar Pradesh

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The inauguration of HAL's Aero Engine R&D Centre in Bengaluru marks a significant milestone in India's journey towards 'Aatmanirbharta' in the aerospace sector. With its state-of-the-art facilities, strategic location, and focus on indigenous research and development, AERDC is poised to play a pivotal role in shaping the future of aero-engine technology in India. This landmark achievement reaffirms the nation's commitment to innovation, self-reliance, and global excellence in the field of aerospace engineering.



 

 



9. Which state has earned the title of India's Petro Capital?

A.   Maharashtra

B.   Gujarat

C.   Tamil Nadu

D.   Andhra Pradesh

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Gujarat has emerged as India's Petro Capital due to its remarkable achievements in the petrochemical sector. With the world's largest grassroots oil refinery, a cutting-edge petrochemical complex, and a well-developed infrastructure, Gujarat continues to lead the way in oil refining and petrochemical production. It is undoubtedly the state that has earned the well-deserved title of India's Petro Capital.

 


 


10. Who has been appointed as the ex-officio Chancellor of Pondicherry University?

A.   Jagdeep Dhankhar

B.   Rajneesh Bhutani

C.   Digvijaya Singh

D.   Sanjay Raut

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The appointment of Jagdeep Dhankhar as the ex-officio Chancellor of Pondicherry University marks an exciting chapter in the institution's history. As he assumes this role, Dhankhar brings a wealth of experience and a fresh perspective that holds immense potential for Pondicherry University's growth and development. The academic community eagerly awaits the actions and decisions that will shape the university's trajectory under his leadership. With this appointment, Pondicherry University embarks on a new journey, one that holds promises of progress and transformation.



 

 


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