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July 19, 2023 Current Affairs

1. Which country reported a record 93% DPT3 immunisation coverage in the 2022 WHO report?

A.    India

B.    Iraq

C.    Israel

D.    Italy

Answer: Option (A)


India's remarkable achievement of 93% DPT3 immunisation coverage in the 2022 WHO report is a testament to the nation's unwavering commitment to public health and the well-being of its citizens. Through various initiatives, strengthened infrastructure, and extensive awareness campaigns, India has set a shining example for other nations to follow. This milestone marks a significant step towards a healthier future for India and reinforces the importance of immunisation in safeguarding communities worldwide.



2. The president of which country has declared a state of emergency to address food price surges and shortages?

A.    Greece

B.    Nigeria

C.    Netherlands

D.    Nepal

Answer: Option (B)


Nigeria's declaration of a state of emergency to tackle the food crisis is a crucial turning point in addressing the pressing issue of rising prices and shortages. President Bola Tinubu's decisive action signifies the government's commitment to prioritize the welfare of its citizens and find sustainable solutions. By implementing strategic measures, seeking international aid, and fostering collaboration, Nigeria aims to overcome the challenges and ensure food security for its population. While the road ahead may be challenging, the declaration offers hope and reassurance that concerted efforts will pave the way for a brighter future.



3. Which state has launched the upgraded version of the Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana Mukhyamantri Amrutam (PMJAY-MA) scheme?

A.    Assam

B.    Goa

C.    Gujarat

D.    Nagaland

Answer: Option (C


The launch of the upgraded Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana-Mukhyamantri Amrutam (PMJAY-MA) scheme by the Gujarat Government marks a significant step towards ensuring accessible and quality healthcare for its citizens. With an increased coverage limit of up to Rs 10 lakh, individuals can now receive comprehensive medical treatment without worrying about financial burdens. This initiative serves as an example of the government's commitment to prioritize the well-being of its people and create a healthier society.



4. On which date is World Chess Day 2023 observed?

A.    July 20

B.    July 19

C.    July 18

D.    July 17

Answer: Option (A


World Chess Day, observed on July 20th, is a celebration of the rich history, strategic nature, and global impact of chess. As players gather around the board, they engage in a battle of wits, fostering a sense of unity and sportsmanship. This day serves as a reminder of the enduring allure of chess and its ability to transcend barriers, connecting people from all walks of life through a shared love for the game.



5. Which bank broke into the $100 billion market-cap club as the world's 7th largest lender?

A.    BOB

B.    PNB

C.    HDFC Bank

D.    ICICI Bank

Answer: Option (C)


HDFC Bank's entry into the $100 billion market cap club is a testament to its exceptional growth trajectory, financial prowess, technological innovation, and unwavering commitment to ethical practices. As the world's 7th largest lender, HDFC Bank has not only made its mark in the global banking sector but has also reinforced India's position as a powerhouse in the financial world. With its strong foundation and forward-thinking approach, HDFC Bank is poised to continue its remarkable journey of success and redefine the future of banking.



6. Razorpay launched its first international payment gateway in which country?

A.    Togo

B.    Switzerland

C.    Turkey

D.    Malaysia

Answer: Option (D)


The launch of Razorpay's international payment gateway in Malaysia marks a significant milestone in the company's journey towards global expansion. By acquiring Curlec and rebranding it as 'Curlec by Razorpay,' the fintech giant has demonstrated its commitment to delivering innovative payment solutions to businesses in Malaysia and beyond. As Razorpay continues to break new ground in the realm of digital payments, the possibilities for growth and financial inclusion are vast.



7. With which country did DR Congo's state company sign a $1.9-billion mining deal?

A.    Haiti

B.    USA

C.    Siberia

D.    UAE

Answer: Option (D)


The $1.9-billion mining deal between DR Congo and the United Arab Emirates marks a significant milestone in the development of DR Congo's mining sector. This strategic partnership has the potential to unlock the country's vast mineral wealth, create economic opportunities, and drive sustainable growth. As DR Congo moves forward with this ambitious venture, it is poised to become a major player in the global mining industry, contributing to its own economic prosperity and fostering international collaboration.



8. Chennai Metro inks a contract agreement worth how many crores with Tata Projects for stations?

A.    1,190 crore

B.    1,205 crore

C.    1,378 crore

D.    1,405 crore

Answer: Option (B)


 the Chennai Metro Rail Ltd's contract agreement with Tata Projects Ltd for the construction of metro stations is a monumental step towards the expansion of the metro system in Chennai. With a contract value of ₹1,205 crore, this collaboration will facilitate improved connectivity, reduced congestion, and a more sustainable urban environment. The Chennai Metro continues to pave the way for efficient and modern transportation in the city.



9. On which date is International Moon Day 2023 celebrated?

A.    July 19

B.    July 20

C.    July 21

D.    July 22

Answer: Option (B)


On July 20th, 2023, we will celebrate International Moon Day, honoring the date that forever etched humanity's footprint on the lunar surface. This day serves as a reminder of our insatiable curiosity, our relentless pursuit of knowledge, and our collective capacity to achieve the extraordinary. Let us come together to appreciate the Moon's grandeur, reflect on past accomplishments, and embrace the endless possibilities that lie ahead.



10. Which state launched Operation Trinetra-II in Sindarah and Maidana of Surankote tehsil on 17th July to neutralize hiding terrorists?

A.    Tamil Nadu

B.    Jammu & Kashmir

C.    Karnataka

D.    Odisha

Answer: Option (B)


Operation Trinetra-II marks a significant step in Jammu & Kashmir's ongoing battle against terrorism. By launching this operation in Sindarah and Maidana, the state aims to restore peace, protect its citizens, and neutralize the threat posed by hiding terrorists. This bold counterterrorism move reinforces the commitment of Jammu & Kashmir to create a safer and more secure environment for its people.



11. The USA handed over how many antique items to India?

A.    105

B.    106

C.    107

D.    108

Answer: Option (A)


The USA's gesture of returning 105 antique items to India is a momentous event that celebrates the shared heritage and cultural understanding between the two nations. These precious artifacts serve as tangible links to India's rich history and hold immense value in terms of artistic significance. Their return to their rightful home is a testament to the ongoing efforts to preserve and cherish cultural heritage worldwide. Let us continue to appreciate and protect our shared past for generations to come.



12. Which country pulled out of the grain deal after the Crimean Bridge was attacked?

A.    Sri Lanka

B.    Canada

C.    Japan

D.    Russia

Answer: Option (D)


Russia's decision to pull out of the grain deal following the attack on the Crimean Bridge has sent shockwaves through the global grain market. The repercussions of this unexpected move are still unfolding, with implications for domestic and international stakeholders. As the world watches closely, it remains to be seen how this decision will shape the future of Russia's agricultural sector and its position in the global trade arena.



13. Who has been appointed as the head coach for the Asian Games?

A.    Gautam Gambhir

B.    Irfan Pathan

C.    VVS Laxman

D.    Virender Sehwag

Answer: Option (C)


VVS Laxman's appointment as the head coach for the Asian Games brings a fresh perspective and a wealth of experience to the Indian Cricket Team. His cricketing prowess and understanding of the game make him an ideal candidate for this crucial role. As fans eagerly await the Asian Games, the spotlight will be on Laxman and his ability to guide the team towards success. With his guidance, the Indian team is poised to make a strong statement in Guangzhou, China.



14. With which country will India develop new-gen military equipment?

A.    Fiji

B.    Oman

C.    France

D.    Russia

Answer: Option (C)


The collaboration between India and France for the development of new-generation military equipment marks a significant milestone in India's defense capabilities. With a roadmap in place and a focus on technology transfer and indigenous manufacturing, India is poised to strengthen its defense industry and reduce its reliance on imports. This partnership not only enhances the bilateral ties between the two nations but also contributes to global security efforts.



15. The Victoria state of Australia has pulled out as the Commonwealth Games host for which year?

A.    2025

B.    2026

C.    2027

D.    2028

Answer: Option (B)


Victoria's decision to withdraw as the host of the 2026 Commonwealth Games due to rising costs sends a strong message about the financial challenges associated with hosting major sporting events. It prompts a reevaluation of the selection process and financial planning to ensure the long-term viability of the Commonwealth Games. As the search for a new host begins, the sports community eagerly awaits the resolution of this situation and the continuation of this celebrated international event.



16. Which country launched the world's first methane-fueled space rocket?

A.    China

B.    Spain

C.    Cuba

D.    Ukraine

Answer: Option (A)


China's launch of the methane-fueled space rocket, Zhuque-2, marks a major milestone in space exploration. This remarkable achievement demonstrates the country's commitment to pushing boundaries and embracing sustainable technologies in the pursuit of scientific progress. As we marvel at this historic feat, we eagerly await the next chapter in the story of mankind's exploration of the cosmos.



17. 'Bhoomi Samman' 2023 was awarded in which city?

A.    New Delhi

B.    Chennai

C.    Dehradun

D.    Raipur

Answer: Option (A)


The Bhoomi Samman 2023 award ceremony held in New Delhi marked a momentous occasion to recognize and celebrate the exceptional achievements of the State Secretaries, District Collectors, and their teams. Their efforts in implementing the Digital India Land Records Modernization Programme have transformed land records management, fostering transparency, efficiency, and accessibility. Through their unwavering commitment, they have contributed significantly to the nation's progress and development.



18. Which state has achieved the first rank in NITI Aayog's Export Preparedness Index 2022?

A.    Sikkim

B.    Maharashtra

C.    Uttarakhand

D.    Tamil Nadu

Answer: Option (D)


In the fiercely competitive landscape of international trade, Tamil Nadu has emerged as a shining star, securing the top rank in the NITI Aayog's Export Preparedness Index 2022. Through its strategic infrastructure development, progressive policies, and strong institutional support, Tamil Nadu has proven its mettle in the realm of exports. This achievement not only reflects the state's commitment to economic growth but also serves as an inspiration for other states to enhance their export potential.



19. By which year does India need an average annual 7.6% GDP growth to become developed?

A.    2030

B.    2040

C.    2047

D.    2057

Answer: Option (C)


India's journey towards becoming a developed nation hinges on achieving an average annual 7.6% GDP growth rate. By targeting the year 2047, India aims to transform its economy, uplift its citizens, and secure a prosperous future. As the nation marches forward, it must navigate challenges, seize opportunities, and strive for sustainable development that benefits every segment of society. Let us watch with anticipation as India paves its path towards economic transformation and societal progress.



20. In which year's Lok Sabha elections will the 26-party alliance I.N.D.I.A. challenge the BJP-led NDA?

A.    2027

B.    2024

C.    2025

D.    2026

Answer: Option (B)


The 26-party alliance I.N.D.I.A. is gearing up to challenge the BJP-led NDA in the 2024 Lok Sabha elections. With their collective strength and determination, they aim to provide a viable alternative to the current ruling party. The political landscape is set to witness an intense battle, and only time will reveal the outcome of this historic electoral showdown.


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