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June 7, 2024 Current Affairs

1. Where is India's first biosphere in a tiger reserve, the Rajaji Raghati Biosphere, located?

A.    Assam

B.    Madhya Pradesh

C.   Karnataka

D.   Uttarakhand

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The Rajaji Raghati Biosphere (RRB) is India's inaugural biosphere situated in a tiger reserve within the Rajaji National Park in Uttarakhand. The primary goal of this biosphere project is to safeguard indigenous trees and endangered species, as well as to restore deteriorated land within the park.

 


 

2. Where was the Plastic Waste Management Plant inaugurated by the Indian Army as part of their "Go Green Initiatives"?

A.    Arunachal Pradesh

B.    Assam

C.   Sikkim

D.   Manipur

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

As part of the Indian Army's "Go Green Initiatives" on World Environment Day, the Plastic Waste Management Plant was opened in Changgu, East Sikkim. This project is in line with the Army's Sadbhavana initiative and seeks to support environmental sustainability and boost the local economy through efficient plastic waste management.

 


 

3. In which year was the Special Marriage Act enacted?

A.    1954

B.    1962

C.   1978

D.   1985

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The Special Marriage Act of 1954, passed by the Indian Parliament, offers a unique marriage option for Indian citizens, regardless of their religious beliefs. It permits interfaith marriages and those not regulated by personal laws, with the goal of establishing a legal structure for civil marriages in India.

 


 

4. What will be emphasized at the annual climate conference to be held in November?

A.    Climate Action

B.    Peace and Truce

C.   Renewable Energy

D.   Biodiversity Conservation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The upcoming annual climate conference in November will prioritize "Peace" and "Truce" to help nations concentrate on climate solutions despite existing conflicts. This focus is intended to foster a favorable atmosphere for deliberations and initiatives regarding climate change challenges at the event taking place in Baku, Azerbaijan, the host city for the 2024 UN Climate Change Conference (UNFCCC COP 29).

 


 

5. Which company has surpassed Apple to become the second most valuable company?

A.    Microsoft

B.    Meta

C.   Nvidia

D.   Google

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

With a remarkable increase in stock value, Nvidia has surpassed Apple to become the world's second most valuable company. This notable change showcases Nvidia's increasing dominance, especially in the artificial intelligence chipmaking industry, and underscores its record-breaking market capitalization of over $3 trillion.

 


 

6. Which mutual fund house recently became the first in India to surpass Rs 10 trillion in assets under management?

A.    HDFC Mutual Fund

B.    SBI Mutual Fund

C.   ICICI Prudential Mutual Fund

D.   Axis Mutual Fund

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

By becoming the first fund house in India to exceed Rs 10 trillion in assets under management, SBI Mutual Fund reached a significant milestone. This success was a result of strategic product introductions, growth in the investor community, and utilizing SBI's network.

 


 

7. When is World Food Safety Day celebrated?

A.    June 7

B.    June 5

C.   June 15

D.   June 8

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Every year on June 7th, World Food Safety Day is commemorated to highlight the significance of food safety, increase awareness, and encourage efforts to prevent, detect, and address foodborne hazards. This occasion emphasizes the vital role of food safety in guaranteeing worldwide access to safe, nutritious, and an adequate food supply.

 


 

8. Where is Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) set to develop a global economic hub?

A.    Ahmedabad

B.    Pune

C.   Nagpur

D.   Navi Mumbai

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

RIL, or Reliance Industries Limited, is planning to establish an international economic center in Navi Mumbai. With sub-leases obtained for around 3,750 acres of land, the company is moving forward with this project. The agreement stems from a memorandum of understanding inked with the Maharashtra government back in 2018, and the lease term covers a period of 43 years.

 


 

9. Which financial institution has teamed up with Muthoot Microfin to empower rural women entrepreneurs?

A.    SBI

B.    HDFC Bank

C.   ICICI Bank

D.   Axis Bank

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

A strategic co-lending partnership has been established between Muthoot Microfin Limited and the State Bank of India (SBI) to offer financial assistance to women entrepreneurs in rural and semi-urban regions throughout India. The objective of this cooperation is to deliver financial solutions to Joint Liability Groups (JLGs) involved in diverse income-generating activities, with loan values spanning from Rs 10,000 to Rs 3,00,000.

 


 

10. What is the policy repo rate maintained by the RBI Monetary Policy Committee in June 2024?

A.    6.25%

B.    6.5%

C.   6.75%

D.   7%

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

During the RBI Monetary Policy meeting in June 2024, the Monetary Policy Committee decided to keep the policy repo rate unchanged at 6.5% with a majority vote of 4:2.

 


 

11. Who collaborated with MeitY to host the National Workshop on Safe, Trusted, and Ethical AI?

A.    NITI Aayog

B.    NASSCOM

C.   European Union

D.   UNESCO

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

UNESCO, in partnership with MeitY, organized the National Workshop on Safe, Trusted, and Ethical AI. The workshop was designed to boost India's AI ecosystem by focusing on ethical considerations, societal effects, and approaches to implementing ethical AI.

 


 

12. Which airline has received approval for its merger with Air India by the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT)?

A.    IndiGo

B.    SpiceJet

C.   Vistara

D.   GoAir

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

The merger of Air India and Vistara has been approved by the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT), clearing the path for the creation of one of the largest airline groups globally. This merger, which was announced in November 2022, marks a significant milestone in the aviation sector.

 


 

13. In which year was the Centre for Development of Telematics (C-DOT) established?

A.    1984

B.    1990

C.   2000

D.   2010

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The Government of India founded the Centre for Development of Telematics (C-DOT) on August 24, 1984, with the goal of transforming the telecommunications industry through the creation of innovative technologies suited to Indian circumstances. C-DOT was honored with the esteemed 'Champion' award at the WSIS+20 Forum High-Level Event 2024 for its initiative "Mobile-Enabled Disaster Resilience through Cell Broadcast Emergency Alerting" in the AI, C-7, E-environment category. This accolade underscores C-DOT's dedication to using technology for positive societal outcomes, particularly in the realms of disaster response and emergency readiness.

 


 

14. Where was India's first-ever astro-tourism event, 'Nakshatra Sabha', organized?

A.    Himachal Pradesh

B.    Kerala

C.   Uttarakhand

D.   Rajasthan

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

India's inaugural astro-tourism event named 'Nakshatra Sabha' was hosted by the Uttarakhand government in Mussoorie, known as the 'Queen of Hills', on June 1 and 2, 2024. The primary objective of this endeavor is to boost astro-tourism in the region, drawing in individuals passionate about astronomy, thrill-seekers, and tourists to appreciate the cosmic marvels while basking in Uttarakhand's picturesque landscapes.

 


 

15. From which company did BHEL receive an order worth over ₹3,500 crore for a thermal power project?

A.    Tata Power

B.    Adani Power

C.   REC Limited

D.   NTPC Limited

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

BHEL, a government-owned firm, received a contract valued at more than ₹3,500 crore from Adani Power Limited for setting up a thermal power plant in Raipur, Chhattisgarh. This substantial deal underscores BHEL's importance in the energy industry and its involvement in enhancing power generation infrastructure in India.

 


 

16. Recently, which department has launched a comprehensive survey to identify and address the challenges faced by MSMEs in adapting to new technologies?

A. Department of Telecommunications

B. Department of Consumer Affairs

C. Department of Commerce

D. Department of Economic Affairs

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

A 60-day survey initiated by the Department of Telecommunications (DoT) aims to pinpoint the obstacles encountered by MSMEs when adopting new technologies. Encompassing five sectors in both North and South India, the survey will delve into the AI, IoT, cloud computing, and 5G/6G integration requirements of ten industries. The results will guide the development of policies to assist MSMEs in staying competitive in the progressively digitalized global markets.

 


 

17. Mount Kanlaon, recently seen in the news, is located in which country?

A. Mexico

B. Philippines

C. Indonesia

D. Chile

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Following the eruption of Mount Kanlaon in the central Philippines, hundreds sought shelter in evacuation centers. Mount Kanlaon, standing at 2435m, is a stratovolcano located on Negros Island, the highest peak on the island and a part of the Pacific Ring of Fire. Renowned for its pyroclastic cones and craters, this biologically diverse volcano has experienced several eruptions since 1886, resulting in minor ashfalls from phreatic explosions. Its activity also affects the major river systems on Negros Island.

 


 

18. Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), recently seen in the news, developed by which country?

A. United States

B. Russia

C. China

D. Japan

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The United States conducted a trial of an unarmed Minuteman III ICBM at Vandenberg Space Force Base. This missile, which has been in service since the 1960s, is the only land-based element of the US nuclear triad and was developed by Boeing. Originally intended for a ten-year lifespan, it will continue to be utilized until the GBSD becomes operational in 2029. The three-stage, solid-fuel missile has a range of 13,000 km and currently houses a single nuclear warhead, ensuring rapid deployment and strong dependability.

 


 

19. What is ‘Thismia malayana’, recently seen in news?

A. A new species of plant

B. A rare species of fern

C. A type of traditional medicine

D. An ancient irrigation technique

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Discovered recently in the rainforests of Peninsular Malaysia, Thismia malayana is a mycoheterotrophic plant that obtains nutrients from underground fungi instead of photosynthesis. It flourishes in the dimly lit understory of forests, featuring unique flowers that are pollinated by fungus gnats. Usually measuring around 2 cm in length, it can be found near tree roots or decaying logs and is extremely responsive to alterations in its surroundings, leading to its classification as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.

 


 

20. H5N2 virus, sometimes seen in the news, is related to which disease?

A. Malaria

B. Dengue

C. Bird flu

D. AIDS

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

In Mexico City, the first human case of H5N2 avian flu has been confirmed in a 59-year-old man who passed away. Avian flu, caused by the Avian Influenza A virus, typically affects poultry and wild birds but can also be transmitted to humans through direct contact. H5N2, a subtype initially identified in Mexican poultry, spreads through migratory bird movements and interactions with domestic birds. Environmental factors also play a role in its transmission.


 

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