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September 16, 2023 Current Affairs

1. Which Indian institute has developed a new approach to destroy cancer cells using hybrid nanoparticles?

A.    Indian Institute of Science (IISc)

B.    Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IITD)

C.    All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)

D.    National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research (NICPR)

Answer: Option A


The Indian Institute of Science's groundbreaking development of hybrid nanoparticles marks a significant milestone in cancer research. This innovative approach has the potential to revolutionize cancer treatment by enabling targeted cell destruction and non-invasive cancer cell detection. As this technology progresses, it could provide cancer patients with more effective and personalized treatment options, bringing us one step closer to a future where cancer is no longer a devastating diagnosis.



2. What is the only Indian company on TIME magazine's 2023 list of the world's best companies?

A.    Infosys

B.    Tata Consultancy Services

C.    Wipro

D.    HCL Technologies

Answer: Option A


Infosys's inclusion in TIME magazine's 'The World's Best Companies of 2023' list is a testament to its unwavering commitment to excellence, innovation, and employee satisfaction. As a flagbearer for Indian companies, Infosys has proven that success knows no boundaries. With its remarkable achievements and continued dedication to driving positive change, Infosys is poised to leave an indelible mark on the global business landscape for years to come.



3. On which date is World Ozone Day, also known as the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer, observed annually?

A.    1st October

B.    15th September

C.    16th September

D.    17th September

Answer: Option C


World Ozone Day serves as a reminder of the importance of the ozone layer and the need to protect it for the well-being of our planet and future generations. Through international cooperation, the Montreal Protocol has been instrumental in reducing ozone-depleting substances and allowing the ozone layer to heal. However, our work is not yet complete. Let us continue to raise awareness, take individual and collective actions, and support initiatives that aim to preserve and restore the ozone layer. Together, we can ensure a safer and healthier world for everyone.



4. What was the amount of India's trade deficit in August 2023?

A.    $20 billion

B.    $24.16 billion

C.    $28 billion

D.    $32 billion

Answer: Option B


 India's trade deficit in August 2023 witnessed a significant improvement, narrowing to $24.16 billion. The decline in imports played a key role in this positive development, while exports faced a decline during the same period. Understanding the dynamics and factors influencing the trade deficit provides valuable insights into India's economic landscape and its position in the global market. As we move forward, keeping a close eye on India's trade balance will continue to be crucial for assessing the country's economic growth and development.



5. Which ministry launched the Swachhata Pakhwada-2023 initiative?

A.    Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs

B.    Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

C.    Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

D.    Ministry of Railways

Answer: Option D


Swachhata Pakhwada-2023, launched by the Ministry of Railways, is a commendable initiative aimed at promoting cleanliness and environmental awareness in the railway network. By actively engaging passengers, railway staff, and stakeholders, this initiative strives to create a cleaner and greener ecosystem. Through collaborative efforts, planned activities, and widespread awareness campaigns, Swachhata Pakhwada-2023 is set to make a significant impact and contribute towards a sustainable future for the Indian railways.



6. Who was elected as the Chairman of the Audit Bureau of Circulations (ABC) for 2023-2024?

A.    Riyad Mathew

B.    Srinivasan K. Swamy

C.    Mohit Jain

D.    Vikram Sakhuja

Answer: Option B


 Srinivasan K. Swamy's election as the Chairman of the Audit Bureau of Circulations for the term 2023-2024 is a testament to his exceptional leadership qualities and expertise in the media industry. As he takes the helm, we can expect continued excellence and advancement in circulation data and verification services. The ABC, under Swamy's guidance, will undoubtedly reinforce its position as a trusted guardian of accurate and reliable circulation information.



7. What amount of dividend did the Indian government receive from NTPC in September 2023?

A.    ₹1,487 crore

B.    ₹2,908.99 crore

C.    ₹4,396 crore

D.    ₹5,885.99 crore

Answer: Option A


 the Indian government received a dividend of ₹1,487 crore from NTPC in September 2023. This significant amount serves as a boost to the government's finances and highlights the strong financial performance of NTPC. As the country navigates through global uncertainties, such dividends play a crucial role in strengthening the financial landscape and fostering economic growth.



8. On which date is World Patient Safety Day observed every year?

A.    5th September

B.    10th September

C.    15th September

D.    17th September

Answer: Option D


World Patient Safety Day, observed on the 17th of September every year, serves as a global reminder of the need to prioritize patient safety in healthcare systems. The theme for 2023, "Engaging patients for patient safety," highlights the significance of involving patients in their own care. By promoting patient engagement, implementing evidence-based practices, and fostering a culture of safety, we can collectively strive towards providing safer and more effective healthcare for all.



9. Who was crowned as "Miss Universe Pakistan 2023," becoming the first-ever woman from Pakistan to win the title?

A.    Erica Robin

B.    Hira Inam

C.    Jessical Wilson

D.    Sabrina Wasim

Answer: Option A


Erica Robin's triumph as "Miss Universe Pakistan 2023" will forever be etched in the history books. Her journey from Karachi to the global stage is a testament to her talent, determination, and the limitless potential of Pakistani women. By breaking barriers and shattering stereotypes, Erica has become a beacon of hope and inspiration for generations to come. Her victory not only celebrates her individual success but also paves the way for a brighter, more inclusive future for Pakistan's beauty industry.



10. What is the primary objective of the "Mukhyamantri Sampoorna Pushti Yojana" launched by Odisha's Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik?

A.    Promoting higher education in the state

B.    Enhancing infrastructure development

C.    Improving the nutritional well-being of the state's populace

D.    Supporting small-scale industries

Answer: Option C


The "Mukhyamantri Sampoorna Pushti Yojana" stands as a shining example of Odisha's commitment to the overall development and well-being of its people. By focusing on improving the nutritional status of mothers, adolescent girls, and children, the initiative strives to build a healthier and more prosperous future for the state. Through its holistic approach, targeted interventions, and collaborative efforts, this visionary program paves the way for a brighter tomorrow.



11. Which country ranks first among 154 nations in grassroots crypto adoption, according to the Chainalysis' 2023 Global Crypto Adoption Index?

A.    United States

B.    China

C.    India

D.    El Salvador

Answer: Option C


 India's remarkable ascent to the top of the Chainalysis' 2023 Global Crypto Adoption Index is a testament to the nation's resilience, determination, and unwavering belief in the potential of cryptocurrencies. Despite facing regulatory challenges, the Indian population has embraced digital currencies with open arms, driven by education, awareness, a tech-savvy population, and a thriving entrepreneurial ecosystem. As India continues to pave the way for grassroots crypto adoption, the world watches in awe, recognizing the transformative power of cryptocurrencies in a nation that defies all odds.



12. Who took charge as the In-Charge Director of the Enforcement Directorate (ED) in September 2023?

A.    Sanjay Kumar Mishra

B.    Riyad Mathew

C.    Rahul Navin

D.    Mohit Jain

Answer: Option C


Rahul Navin's appointment as the In-Charge Director of the Enforcement Directorate (ED) heralds a new chapter in the agency's pursuit of justice and accountability. With his extensive background in the Indian Revenue Service and a clear vision for the future, Navin is poised to lead the ED towards greater achievements in combatting financial crimes. As the baton passes from Sanjay Kumar Mishra, we anticipate that under Navin's leadership, the Enforcement Directorate will continue to play a pivotal role in safeguarding the integrity of the nation's financial systems and ensuring that economic offenders are brought to justice.



13. What is the name of the unified portal for agricultural statistics launched by India in September 2023?

A.    Unified Portal for Agricultural Statistics

B.    Central Agricultural Statistics Database

C.    National Agricultural Statistics Portal

D.    Indian Agricultural Statistics Portal

Answer: Option A


The launch of the Unified Portal for Agricultural Statistics marks a significant milestone in India's agricultural landscape. UPAg serves as a game-changer by providing a centralized platform for accessing comprehensive and reliable data. Through its various features and benefits, it addresses complex governance issues, ensures data integrity, and empowers stakeholders within the agricultural sector. With UPAg, India takes a giant leap towards harnessing the power of data to drive sustainable growth in agriculture.



14. Which exoplanet has NASA's James Webb Space Telescope detected possible signs of life on?


B.    Kepler-1649c

C.    K2-18b

D.    Kepler-452b

Answer: Option C


The discovery of possible signs of life on K2-18b through the James Webb Space Telescope has ignited excitement and curiosity within the scientific community. While many questions remain unanswered, this breakthrough underscores the vast potential for the existence of life beyond our home planet. As technology advances and our understanding of the cosmos deepens, we inch closer to unraveling the secrets of the universe and discovering whether we are truly alone.



15. What is the total value of the acquisition proposals approved by the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) on September 15, 2023?

A.    Rs 45,000 crore

B.    Rs 50,000 crore

C.    Rs 55,000 crore

D.    Rs 60,000 crore

Answer: Option  A


The Defence Acquisition Council's approval of Rs 45,000 crore in acquisition proposals signifies a significant step towards strengthening India's defense capabilities. The investments allocated across various projects, ranging from the modernization of the Indian Air Force to enhancing the Indian Navy's capabilities, highlight the government's commitment to national security. Furthermore, the emphasis on promoting indigenous content in defense projects aligns with the vision of a self-reliant India. With these developments, India is poised to enhance its defense preparedness and secure its interests effectively.



16. Ashok Leyland is set to allocate ₹1,000 crore for the creation of a cutting-edge bus manufacturing facility in which state?

A.    Uttar Pradesh

B.    Tamil Nadu

C.    Gujarat

D.    Maharashtra

Answer: Option A


Ashok Leyland's decision to invest ₹1,000 crore in establishing a cutting-edge bus manufacturing facility in Uttar Pradesh is a testament to its visionary approach and commitment to growth. This strategic move not only signifies the company's confidence in the state's potential but also holds immense promise for Uttar Pradesh's economy and employment landscape. As Ashok Leyland sets foot in Uttar Pradesh, it paves the way for a brighter future, marked by technological advancements, economic progress, and a thriving manufacturing sector.



17. What is the value of the Financial Inclusion (FI) Index in March 2023?

A.    56.4

B.    57.8

C.    59.2

D.    60.1

Answer: Option D


The value of the Financial Inclusion (FI) Index in March 2023 stood at an impressive 60.1, reflecting commendable progress in promoting financial inclusion. The growth observed across the access, usage, and depth sub-indices signifies a collective commitment to extend financial services to all segments of society. As we move forward, sustaining this positive momentum remains crucial. By continuing to prioritize financial inclusion, we can unlock the transformative power of financial services, fostering economic empowerment and driving equitable growth.



18. How many cooperative banks were penalized by the RBI on September 14, 2023?

A.    One

B.    Two

C.    Three

D.    Four

Answer: Option D


the RBI's actions on September 14, 2023, serve as a reminder of the importance of adherence to banking rules and regulations. By penalizing four cooperative banks – the Maharashtra State Cooperative Bank (MSCB), the Gujarat State Cooperative Bank (GSCB), the Karnataka State Cooperative Apex Bank (KSCAB), and the Tamil Nadu State Cooperative Bank (TNSCB) – the RBI reinforces its commitment to maintaining a sound and accountable banking system in India. Such actions play a crucial role in maintaining stability and protecting the interests of depositors and the overall financial landscape.



19. Where did the 4th and final G20 Sustainable Finance Working Group (SFWG) meeting take place?

A.    New Delhi

B.    Varanasi

C.    Mumbai

D.    Chennai

Answer: Option B


The 4th and final G20 Sustainable Finance Working Group meeting in Varanasi marked a pivotal moment in India's G20 presidency. The city's spiritual energy and cultural heritage infused the discussions with a sense of purpose and shared responsibility. As the delegates departed with a renewed commitment to sustainable finance, Varanasi remained a testament to the potential of collective action in building a greener, more prosperous world.



20. When is the International Day for Interventional Cardiology celebrated annually?

A.    15th September

B.    16th September

C.    17th September

D.    18th September

Answer: Option B


The International Day for Interventional Cardiology, celebrated annually on September 16th, reminds us of the critical role interventional cardiology plays in diagnosing and treating heart disease. By embracing minimally invasive techniques, interventional cardiologists have transformed the landscape of cardiovascular care, providing patients with safer and more effective treatment options. Let us continue to raise awareness about interventional cardiology and work towards a healthier future for all.


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